Nunavut is the largest, northernmost and newest territory in Canada with approximately 36,000 residents spread throughout 25 remote communities. Many of Nunavut's residents live in Iqaluit, Nunavut's capital. Nunavut is both the least populous and the largest in area of the provinces and territories of Canada. Of Nunavut's residents, 85 percent are Inuit beneficiaries of the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement. With no roads connecting between or to southern Canada, Nunavut's communities are only accessible by air or sea. Nunavut's capital city is Iqaluit. Like other capital cities, Iqaluit serves as the central headquarters for the Government of Nunavut.
The major employers in Nunavut are Inuit organizations and territorial government, with oil, gas and mineral exploration, arts and crafts, hunting, fishing, tourism and transportation, providing opportunities for employment.