The Northern Economic Diversification Index (NEDI) is an important part of the Agency's annual Report on Plans and Priorities and serves as a measure of the state of economic diversity in Canada's territories. It is a performance indicator of the effectiveness of CanNor's economic development programs in support of strong, diversified and dynamic economies in the North.
Economic diversity is generally associated with stable economies. Diversified economies assist the growth of leading industry sectors through strong support industries, and sustain longer term economic prosperity through various industry lifecycles.
The NEDI is calculated as: (1 – sum of squares of the (decimal) proportions of each of 20 industry sectors in the total gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices) x 100. The data source is Statistics Canada (CANSIM table 379-0030).
Higher EDI values indicate more diversified economies.
Economic Diversity in Canada
The chart below shows the share of industry sectors according to their relative contribution to the Canadian economy. Based on the 2015 data from Statistics Canada (GDP at basic prices), the Canadian economy is comprised of a broad range of sectors.
Economic Diversity in the North – Compared to National Economic Diversity
The chart below shows the economic diversity of each province and territory as well as the national aggregate economic diversity index and the northern aggregate economic diversity index. The EDI values for Canada and the North are calculated by the GDP proportion of each industry sector based on the sum of the GDP across all jurisdictions for Canada, and across the territories for the North.
In 2015, the North was significantly less diversified than Canada as whole. The territories are among the five least diversified jurisdictions in Canada.
This is a persistent trend as the North remained significantly less diversified than Canada's national economy throughout the 2011 to 2015 period.
Economic Diversity in Nunavut
In 2015, public administration was the largest contributor to Nunavut’s economy at 19.5% of the GDP. Although this represents a slight increase from 2014, it is lower than the 5-year high of 22.2% in 2011. As a result of a slowdown due to low commodity prices, the mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction experienced a contraction in 2015, falling to 17.5% from 17.9% in 2014. The construction sector also experienced a drop as its outlook is closely tied to investments made by mining companies.
Economic Diversity in the Northwest Territories
In 2015, mining, quarrying and oil and gas extraction remained the largest sector in the NWT. However at 22.9%, this sector dropped from the previous year and from its 5 year high of 26.9% in 2011. The construction sector has grown substantially over the last five years increasing, its contribution to the territorial GDP from 5.9% in 2011 to 14.1% in 2015. This growth is attributed to both private and public infrastructure investments, including the construction of the Gahcho Kué diamond mine and the construction of the all-weather road to Tuktoyaktuk.
Economic Diversity in Yukon
The mining sector in Yukon experienced a contraction, which in 2015 saw its share of GDP drop to 11.6% from 19.1% in 2014. As a result, the real estate sector now surpasses the mineral extraction sector. At 23%, the public administration is the largest that it has been over the past five years. This increase is largely attributed to the significant contraction of the mining sector but also an increase in public administration, as its 2015 level was $38 million higher than it was in 2010.